ဝိက်ရှေန်နရဳ:ပညာရမျာင်ဗၟာ

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Burmese-language pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

See Burmese phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Burmese.

Consonants
IPA Burmese example Approximate English equivalent
ဘဲ /bɛ́/ bat
ဓာတ် /daʔ/ dye
ဂျင် /ìɴ/ juice
အညာသား /ʔəɲàðá/ this
ဂုဏ် /ɡòuɴ/ gate
ဟုတ် /houʔ/ hone
ယား /já/ yield
ကုန် /kòuɴ/ skate[၁]
ခုန် /òʊɴ/ Kate[၂]
လုပ် /louʔ/ lay
လှုပ် /ouʔ/ play; like /l/ but voiceless
မတ် /maʔ/ much
မှတ် /aʔ/ None; like /m/ but voiceless
နမ်း /náɴ/ not
နှမ်း /áɴ/ None; like /n/ but voiceless
ခံ /kʰàɴ/ lawn or long, but without a complete closure between the tongue and the roof of the mouth[၃]
ညစ် /ɲiʔ/ canyon
ɲ̥ ညှစ် /ɲ̥iʔ/ None; like /ɲ/, but voiceless
ငါး /ŋá/ sing
ŋ̊ ငှါး /ŋ̊á/ None; like /ŋ/, but voiceless
ပဲ /pɛ́/ spat[၁]
ဖဲ /ɛ́/ pat[၂]
တိရစ္ဆာန် /təɹeiʔsʰàɴ/[၄] rock
စာ /sà/ cats
ဆာ /à/ grass hut[၂]
ရှာ /ʃà/ shoe
တတ် /taʔ/ sty[၁]
ထပ် /aʔ/ tie[၂]
ကြဉ် /ìɴ/ itch[၁]
tɕʰ ချင် /tɕʰìɴ/ chew[၂]
သတ် /θaʔ/ thin
ဝါး /wá/ wield
ဝှက် /ɛʔ/ white[၅]
ဇာ /zà/ zoo
အုတ် /ʔouʔ/ _uh-_oh
Vowels
IPA Burmese example Approximate English equivalent
နား /ná/ father
ai ~ aɪ နိုင် /nàiɴ/, [nã̀ɪ̃ɰ̃] might[၆]
au ~ aʊ နောက် /nauʔ/, [nʔ] mouth[၆]
နေ /nè/ Scottish English mate
ei ~ eɪ နိပ် /neiʔ/, [nʔ] may[၆]
နယ် /nɛ̀/ met
ခလုတ် /kʰəlouʔ/ comma
နီး /ní/ meet
နင်း /níɴ/, [nɪ̃́ɰ̃] mit[၆]
နို့ /n/ Scottish English note
ou ~ oʊ နုန်း /nóuɴ/, [nṍʊ̃ɰ̃] mow[၆]
နော် /nɔ̀/ bought
နှူး /n̥ú/ moot
နွမ်း /núɴ/, [nʊ̃́ɰ̃] foot[၆]
Tones
IPA Burmese example Explanation
◌̀ ငါ /ŋà/ Normal phonation, medium duration, low intensity, low (often slightly rising) pitch
◌́ ငါး /ŋá/ Sometimes slightly breathy, relatively long, high intensity, high pitch; often with a fall before a pause
◌̰ ငါ့ /ŋa̰/ Tense or creaky phonation (sometimes with lax glottal stop), medium duration, high intensity, high (often slightly falling) pitch

နိဿဲ[ပလေဝ်ဒါန်]

  1. ၁.၀ ၁.၁ ၁.၂ ၁.၃ Unaspirated, like /p t k/ etc. in Romance or Slavic languages.
  2. ၂.၀ ၂.၁ ၂.၂ ၂.၃ ၂.၄ Heavily aspirated.
  3. The vowel before the /ɴ/ is always nasalized, and if a consonant follows /ɴ/, then the /ɴ/ becomes homorganic with the following consonant.
  4. A marginal consonant in Burmese, /ɹ/ occurs only in foreign words, and even there is often replaced by /j/ or /l/.
  5. In accents without the wine–whine merger, e.g. Scottish English, Irish English, and some varieties of American English.
  6. ၆.၀ ၆.၁ ၆.၂ ၆.၃ ၆.၄ ၆.၅ The sounds [aɪ], [aʊ], [eɪ], [ɪ], [oʊ], and [ʊ] are allophones of /ai/, /au/, /ei/, /i/, /ou/, and /u/ respectively, occurring in closed syllables, i.e. before /ɴ/ and /ʔ/.